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Μόλυβος, ένας παραδοσιακός οικισμός

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Χαρακτηριστικό δείγμα μεσαιωνικής αρχιτεκτονικής, ο Μόλυβος είναι χτισμένος πάνω σε λόφο. Στις ρίζες του λόφου η θάλασσα, στην κορυφή το κάστρο. Ο οικισμός αναπτύσσεται ημικυκλικά γύρω από το κάστρο, το οποίο έχει περίμετρο 310 μέτρων. Η ανάπτυξη του πολεοδομικού ιστού με πυρήνα το κάστρο συνηθιζόταν για λόγους ασφαλείας των κατοίκων και είχε σαν αποτέλεσμα πυκνή δόμηση και σύνδεση των κτιρίων δια μέσω λιθόστρωτων οδών, τα καλντερίμια. Τα παραδοσιακά κτίρια είναι διώροφα, χτισμένα από πέτρα και ξύλο. Σήμερα σώζονται αρκετά αρχοντικά από το τέλος του 180υ αι., όπως το αρχοντικό Γιαννάκου και το παλαιό αρχοντικό Κράλλη (σήμερα ακήκει στην ΑΣΚΤ). Γενικά ο Μόλυβος διατηρεί σχεδόν ανέπαφο τον αρχιτεκτονικό του χαρακτήρα που ανασυγκροτήθηκε τον 19ο κυρίως αιώνα.

Λήδα Διζέλου

Πηγή: Κατερίνα Κοτσάλη – Παπαδημητρίου, 1982, Μήθυμνα, Αθήνα

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